What is a network protocol? A network protocol is a formalized set of guidelines that define how data is sent between different devices within the same network. In essence, it enables connected devices to communicate with each other, despite any differences in their hardware, software, architecture or configuration. It is a way of organizing devices and technology so that one can send and receive data across a network.
There are several different network protocols out there. Each one is used for a specific function. Some of the most common include WAP (wireless access), BPN (big card networking), and ISDN ( Integrated Services Digital Network). In order to understand how these work, you must first understand how these entire technologies work. This article will provide an introduction to the most common network protocols and their basic operations.
WAP – Wireless Access Protocol
WAP – Wireless Access Protocol is the most popular of the network protocols. This is the standard format that is used to enable text-based applications and games over the Internet. WAP uses the Internet standards to communicate the relevant information between the various different devices. WAP typically operates on top of the WAN routers and handles all the necessary data transfer for different users. The main advantage of WAP is that it lets different users connect to the Internet without using a centralized access point.
BPN – Big card Network Protocol
BPN – Big card Network Protocol is also popularly known as BPDU or BPL. BPL stands for Block Mode Protocol and is used to identify and select the best path for a packet of data. Unlike WAP, BPN does not use the Internet standards for authenticating itself to the remote network and it doesn’t have its own Access Server. Instead, BPN routers use their pre-existing IP addressing to establish a connection to the WAN routers. BPN has two modes; single-mode and multi-mode. Single-mode provides the best functionality and multi-mode provides more security and mobility.
LAN-networking – LAN networking is another commonly used network protocol. It is also the most complex of the different protocols. It works on the principle of local area network (LAN) and uses different devices to connect to the central station. This ensures that different network devices can connect to the same server at the central station and share the resources without any delays. The most basic functions of a LAN-networking protocol are local area network (LAN) to central station ( stations), state-of-the-art fast data transmission over long distances, and reliable voice and data over short distances. Some of the major LAN-networking protocols used in today’s market include Infrared, iSCSI, Fiber, CoS, PCMCIA, ATA and Fiber to Phone.
VoIP – This is one of the newer generations of communication protocols. VoIP uses the internet as a platform to transport voice and video data between users using internet-based telephone calls. A lot of companies are now deploying VoIP-based devices and solutions to provide fast and reliable communication to their users. VoIP network protocols used in communication solutions are: SIP, SBC, ICMP, HTTP, TCP, EDGE and LPDs.
EHPS/EPR – This is an evolved version of Ethernet High-speed Provider Equipment Interface (Ethernet High-speed Provider Locator). It is one of the advanced set of networking protocols and is used for point-to-point connectivity in both private as well as public area networks (PAN). It can transfer voice, data and multimedia session from one end to the other end in the form of packets. Some of the major advantages of using this kind of protocols are: it has very low bandwidth requirement, wide application compatibility, security, and high scalability.
There are a number of different protocols available in the market and it is impossible to talk about them all. However, these are the most common protocols used for general-purpose communication. All the protocols mentioned above have evolved from the simple application layer protocols and so the features mentioned above are implemented in those protocols. So, the answer to the question What is a Network Protocol? can be easily given by mentioning the various protocols that form an integral part of the telecommunication world.